Maa-nulth First Nations Final Agreement, Vancouver Island, BC

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uclulet, BC, C. El Araj, 2009.

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uclulet, BC, C. El Araj, 2009.

    Crown Land plan near Green Cover for Uchucklesaht Tribe, 2009

    Crown Land plan near Green Cover for Uchucklesaht Tribe, 2009

    Crown Land plans of DL805 for Torquaht Nation, 2009.

    Crown Land plans of DL805 for Torquaht Nation, 2009.

    Old survey post.  On Uclulet survey, 2009.

    Old survey post. On Uclulet survey, 2009.

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uclulet, BC, C. El Araj, 2009.

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uclulet, BC, C. El Araj, 2009.

    Assistant navigating the bog.  Maa-nulth Land Claim survey.  Near Uclulet, 2009

    Assistant navigating the bog. Maa-nulth Land Claim survey. Near Uclulet, 2009

    Giving a drop on on new post.  Maa-nulth Land Claim.  Near Uclulet, 2009.

    Giving a drop on on new post. Maa-nulth Land Claim. Near Uclulet, 2009.

    Crossing old bridge near Uclulet, 2009

    Crossing old bridge near Uclulet, 2009

    C. Matheson duing the Maa-nulth survey in Uclulet, 2009.

    C. Matheson duing the Maa-nulth survey in Uclulet, 2009.

    Getting ready for natural boundary survey near Green Cove. On  Uchucklesaht survey, 2009.

    Getting ready for natural boundary survey near Green Cove. On Uchucklesaht survey, 2009.

    T. Connolly and assistant surveying Uchucklesaht lands near Green Cove.

    T. Connolly and assistant surveying Uchucklesaht lands near Green Cove.

    It doesn't get any wetter.  Surveying the Uchucklesaht Lands near Green Cove, 2009.

    It doesn't get any wetter. Surveying the Uchucklesaht Lands near Green Cove, 2009.

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uchucklesaht, Green Cove, BC, T. Connolly, 2009.

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uchucklesaht, Green Cove, BC, T. Connolly, 2009.

    Surveying the natural boundary. Toquaht lands, 2009.

    Surveying the natural boundary. Toquaht lands, 2009.

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uclulet, BC, C. El Araj, 2009.

    Surveying the Maa-nulth preffective lands, Uclulet, BC, C. El Araj, 2009.

    Land Title Act plan of DL 467 for Uclulet First Nation, 2009.

    Land Title Act plan of DL 467 for Uclulet First Nation, 2009.

The Claim


The Maa-nulth First Nations Final Agreement was ratified by Maa-nulth First Nations members in 2007. Provincial ratification legislation received Royal Assent on 29 November 2007. The federal government gave Royal Assent to the Maa-nulth First Nations treaty (Bill C-41, 2009) on 18 June 2009. The Maa-nulth First Nations treaty legally took effect on 1 April 2011.

Maa-nulth First Nations

  • Huu-ay-aht First Nations
  • Ka:’yu:’k’t’h’–Chek’tles7et’h’ First Nations
  • Toquaht Nation
  • Uchucklesaht Tribe
  • Ucluelet First Nation

The Maa-nulth Final Agreement is the first modern-day treaty on Vancouver Island. It includes

  • fee simple title to 254,459ha of land,
  • constitutional authority for each Nation to determine how they will govern themselves under the treaty,
  • law making authorities that the Maa-Nulth can exercise on their own lands,
  • the ability to enter into land use planning protocols with local governments,
  • ownership, control and management of forestry and all range resources on treaty settlement lands, as well as ownership of subsurface resources,
  • joint management (with Canada) for land use, wildlife, environmental assessment, and water regulation wildlife harvesting rights,
  • $119.8 million in capital transfers, lump sum payments, and specific purposes outside the treaty, and
  • $10.7 million annually in resource revenue, health, social services and education.[54]

The Survey


To date, Underhill has completed three contracts under this agreement. These surveys were done under the BC Land Title Act and the BC Land Act and were for Pre-Effective Lands. In 2009–10, surveys were done for the Toquaht Nation, Uchucklesaht Tribe and Ucluelet First Nation.

http://www.maanulth.ca/